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Similar to the paintings in The space to be. series, these flipbooks appropriated imagery from both historical landscape paintings and the “artist’s concept” imagery of condominium developments. They allowed the viewer to travel in and out of these buildings like a floating orb.

I have long been interested in the media that pre-date film (pop-up books, zoetropes, panoramas, etc.). In their time, these media provided an experience that was more immersive than the readily available 2D imagery and allowed viewers to glimpse other parts of the world that were near impossible to visit. These media appear antiquated when compared to the convincing environments created by contemporary visual technologies that let the viewer fall into an almost seamless illusion. Nevertheless, I am intrigued by these older methods and their obvious and simple structures. They allow the viewer to be pulled in by the illusion while simultaneously understanding the mechanical and physical structure. In this way, they make possible an engagement with the content, while also distancing the viewer from it, which I think creates an interesting tension, or a kind of alienation, in the viewer’s perception of the work.